By Professor Emeritus, med dr Marcello Ferrada de Noli (Ph.D.), chairman, Professor Emeritus, med dr Andres Romelsjö (Ph.D.), vice-chairman, and Dr Lena Oske, MD, on behalf of the Board of Directors, Swedish Doctors for Human Rights (SWEDHR)
“It is shocking, but let’s be realistic, your report debunked to a great extend the US initiative in UN, it was also used by Syria in UN Security Council if I am not mistaken. You have therefore entered the radar of those who make geopolitics, the shakers and movers of the world, you should be proud. Ultimately, you are a doctor and these children, these people in the videos have no voice of their own, you spoke for them. Also of course it influenced political developments and it will never go away, you have entered the medical opinions with authority and that is why your authority was attacked. It is of course unacceptable behaviour. I hope your spirits remain high, this is a battle. Julian Assange, as you have well documented in your research, has had such attacks on his reputation. It is psychological warfare.” @greekemmy message to @ProfessorsBlogg, 9 May 2017
SWEDHR is, per definition, committed to the defence and respect of Freedom of Speech, civil liberties, ideological pluralism, and human rights for All. As defenders of Freedom of Expression, our policy is not to interfere with critical reports in media or social media about our organization and/or its members, unless it would entail inaccurate publishing of essential facts about the organization or its members, or contain statements that commonly would be considered slanderous libellous.
After a SWEDHR report authored by Prof Ferrada de Noli was cited in the United Nations Security Council on April 12, 2017 and later in a discussion around OPCW, the Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter (DN) published a front-page article about SWEDHR. The cited report contained opinions by Swedish doctors on two White Helmets videos uploaded simultaneously by a ‘rebel’ organization in Syria in 2015 and which were instrumental in the requesting for a No-Fly Zone in Syria, an initiative also supported by the editorial of DN. The DN stance on this has been previously criticized by SWEDHR, echoing assessments by top US military that considered a No-Fly Zone in Syria “would mean war between the US and Russia, Syria”.
The DN criticism of the SWEDHR report did not focus on refuting any of report’s fact-based conclusions about the White Helmets videos. It, instead, focused on the fact that those conclusions were echoed in Russian media publications. It resented that SWEDHR representatives were interviewed by Russian outlets. It was, as far as we know, the very first time in Sweden that a Swedish organization of academic professionals was criticized for making statements to media outside Sweden. This is a flagrant contravention of the Freedom of Speech principals that Sweden claims to prevail in the country. The DN front page opinions were echoed in the rest of Swedish mainstream media that are commonly hostile to the Syrian government stance [Aftonbladet, Expressen, Göteborg Posten, VK, Metro, etc.]. The DN article reported incorrectly several points in the SWEDHR report, but we were denied the right to a rebuttal. In fact, our report in The Indicter has been reproduced not only in Russia (including private outlets), but also in several other media abroad or example in Brazil, Uruguay, Mexico, India, U.S., Iran, Syria, Saudi, and elsewhere. Further interview requests came from Danish, UK, Italian, or US outlets.
The SWEDHR report also attracted the attention of Human Rights Watch CEO, Kenneth Roth who arbitrarily compared SWEDHR with “government-organized NGOs”, and spread on twitter a piece containing inaccurate statements against Dr Leif Elinder, a known Swedish paediatrician and peace activist, also active member of SWEDHR and Amnesty International. Furthermore, Professor Emeritus Anders Romelsjö was “accused” of running a “leftist political blog”. In fact the site Jinge.se has ranked number two at the top list of 800 Swedish political blogs.
Following this political backlash against the SWEDHR report amongst media and organisations with vested interests, our organisation received a further attack in its Freedom of Speech through the pages of Wikipedia. A two-year old Wikipedia article on SWEDHR (Swedish Professors and Doctors for Human Rights) was replaced with a text containing a radical distortion of what our organization is and stands for. Among other, with help of a distorted citing of the DN article (which being in Swedish it cannot be immediately verified by the readers), the new texts have tried misrepresenting SWEDHR as “a Russian propaganda site”. Other sources in the recent edits have included a publication (in Ukrainian) by Svoboda, which according to its Wikipedia article is “widely considered a fascist and/or anti-semitic party”, and one inaccurate article in Le Figaro (in French) that we had already rebutted here.
To summarise, the current Wikipedia article in SWEDHR uses solely hostile reports against our organization, while other media in Sweden which have criticized the DN article on SWEDHR, or even our fact-based published replies (in English) [By Ferrada de Noli, Romelsjö and Oske (representing the Board of Directors) here, and by Romelsjö (Swedish) here and here] are not referred to at all. No one in the publishing world, particularly encyclopaedia-wise, would ever consider such practice as ‘balanced’ or ‘objective’ editing.
In a parallel event occurred in the context above, the same user now authoring untruthful edits and deceitful sourcing in the SWEDHR article, has obtained the deletion of a Wikipedia bio article on the SWEDHR chairman, Professor Emeritus Marcello Ferrada de Noli, based on similar preposterous accusations, and in this case containing beyond-doubt defamation. [A version of the article before closing is found in this version by Wow.com/wiki, retrieved May 7, 2017].
In response to appeals for clarification about the events above appeared in social media, we have decided on behalf of the Board of Directors: I.) To publicly refute the incorrect information given by such users, in public, in the Wikipedia article on SWEDHR, II.) To publish the full text of “Affidavit by Professor Emeritus Marcello Ferrada de Noli on libellous personal information published by a Wikipedia user”.
I. Wikipedia article on SWEDHR
On the Lead section
The definition of SWEDHR in the new Wikipedia article’s lead says that we are “a Sweden-based organization that publishes opinion pieces on international affairs”. Period. What has been deleted is the commitment to human rights by this organization. The organization’s aims can be clearly found in our official site. We have seen that it is customary in Wikipedia articles about organizations, that the aims of those organizations are mentioned in the lead.
Additions were made, this time accurately, that SWEDHR’s “views presented on its website often directly contradict those of Human Rights Watch and other mainstream organizations”. In fact, this was one reason why we started SWEDHR. It is possible that this is the reason why the same Wikipedia user had previously unsuccessfully requested the deletion of the SWEDHR Wikipedia page. Is it right that only “mainstream organizations” get a place in Wikipedia, that support the opinions (and not criticized) of mainstream media owners, editors, governments or corporate establishment behind such “mainstream”?
With regards to Human Rights Watch, we have also published analyses done by them presenting them in a positive light. One example here. Our Human Rights advocacy was further recognised by other HR organisations like for example Médecins Sans Frontières, who send us a message of gratitude for our human-rights work.
Further discrepancies in the lead include the ‘editor’ mentioning The Indicter, but omitting the official publication SWEDHR Research & Reports. Lead section also omits The Indicter Channel, that in six months has reached 374,868 views.
On “Organization” section
The same user writes in the main section featuring the SWEDHR organization, that “not all of its members are medical doctors”. This is based on the fact that one very distinguished Swedish professor, an international award-winner in malaria research, and one the founders of SWEDHR, “instead” of being a Swedish medicine doctor is a Swedish philosophy doctor in a medical-related research discipline. Would it not be more accurate to say, exactly as it is stated in swedhr.org/about-us/: “SWEDHR is a non-profit, non-governmental organization formed with the participation of Swedish professors, PhDs, medical doctors and university researchers in the medical sciences and health-related disciplines, devoted to international issues in the human rights front.”
The claim in the article that “none of them is associated with any mainstream human rights organization” is not only a irrelevant, but, again, also a falsehood. Several members of SWEDHR are also members of organizations like Amnesty International or support Médecins Sans Frontières, and other such organizations.
Finally, as given in our official site and all SWEDHR documents and communications with Swedish institutions, the correct academic title/denomination for the founder of the organization is Professor emeritus Marcello Ferrada de Noli, who is a Swedish professor emeritus, not Chilean professor emeritus. In the context of a Swedish human rights organization, based in Sweden, formed by Swedish doctors, what would be the interest of the user in deleting the professor title and instead stating the founder’s ethnic origin or place of birth outside Sweden?
On section “Positions taken by SWEDHR”
This section fabricates our position regarding the 2015 White Helmets videos, that we have analysed (see our disclaimer down below in this section). The same Wikipedia editor picks and chooses among our positions, human-rights campaigns, to suit the agenda of this Wikipedia article he re-creates to discredit us. The result being that only a few, non-representative of the main positions and activities we have been maintaining, are listed. This is done totally arbitrarily by the editor and without any regard to what our positions and activities really consist of.
Significantly, our main human-rights concern about the Assange case in Sweden is not mentioned at all. Most of our analyses have consisted in clarifications for the public outside Sweden about domestic (Swedish) political whereabouts or geopolitical stances relevant in the ‘case’, which otherwise would not have been known, also because of the language issue.
Neither is mentioned our denunciation of the killing of civilians in aerial bombardments and drone attacks in Yemen, Afghanistan, etc. Also, a main concern of SWEDHR has been the denouncing the use of Torture on political prisoners. Not even this subject is mentioned in the arbitrary listings by that Wikipedia editor. Equally significant, our denunciation of all human-rights related wrongdoings by Swedish institutions or governments are also not mentioned.
Here is a sample of the real main “Positions taken by SWEDHR”, published in The Indicter and SWEDHR Research and Reports:
The same section “Positions taken by SWEDHR” ends with this disingenuous edit by the same user:
“Regarding the Syria conflict, articles in The Indicter, which claimed to analyse videos jointly released by the White Helmets and an al-Nusra linked local group, have argued dead children from an alleged government chlorine gas attack in 2015 were likely killed by a poison other than chlorine”.
But the above has never been a conclusion taken by the SWEDHR doctors in their video analyses. Neither is the conclusion by the author of The Indicter article. For example, the expression “poison” or “poison other than chlorine” was never mentioned in the article linked by that user. It is a deceiving statement.
Section, “Accusations of pro-Russian propaganda”
Beginning this section, the Wikipedia editor says, “As of April 2017, the organization is unknown to Amnesty International, the Swedish Medical Association, the Swedish Society of Medicine, and the Swedish affiliate of Human Rights Watch”. This is untruthful [see here below]. Anyhow, what that has to do with “Accusations of pro-Russian propaganda”.
About Amnesty International, that is a double lie. Firstly, the source indicated by ‘gamesmasterg9’, meaning the DN article of April 22, 2107, does not mention Amnesty International at all. Secondly, we have had a highly publicized interchange of opinions with Amnesty International around our denunciation of “Former paid agent of Swedish Security Police dictated Amnesty International (Sweden) stance against Assange“. The Scottish TV channel Kilt asked Amnesty Sweden for its opinion about the exposures published in The Indicter by the SWEDHR chairman, and Amnesty did reply with a comment. This information is given by the journalist which received the comment from Amnesty, and it is on video.
Regarding the statement about the Swedish medical associations, the fact is that this Wikipedia ‘editor’ misquotes DN. DN says that when they asked ONE person from each organization (from the Ethical committee, and respectively from the section of global health) they answered that they have not heard of us, as SWEDHR. The truth is that the journal of the named medical organization (Läkartidning, a journal read by all the doctors members of that association, meaning almost all Swedish medical doctors) has previously referred to SWEDHR as ORGANIZATION, not to mention dozens of articles published in Läkartidning by us separately. Furthermore, the ‘editor’ omits to refer the reply we gave to DN –and which DN published in the same article– about those colleagues’ expressions.
Now, as far as the “Accusations of pro-Russian propaganda“, there is no evidence, proof, sourcing, which that Wikipedia editor puts forward to back their accusations. The citing done by the Wikipedia editor of the DN article is a spurious citing. This is the passage (translated) corresponding to a question raised in the DN interview with Professor emeritus Marcello Ferrada de Noli:
The questions you raise coincide with the Russian government’s line [“Frågorna som ni driver överensstämmer med den ryska regeringens linje…”]
– No, now I interrupt you. We have a line of our own, we engage for peace. Whether our findings coincide or not with a variety of governments, that is not our intention. It’s the same situation when Hans Blix made statements about that “Saddam Hussein’s weapons of mass destruction” they did not exist.
[“Nej, nu avbryter jag dig. Vi har vår egen linje, vi agerar för fred. Huruvida våra fynd överensstämmer eller ej med olika regeringar är det inte vår avsikt. Samma sak när Hans Blix uttalade sig om att ”Saddams massförstörelsevapen” inte funnits”].
DN eventually published this as the reply, which is fairly correct:
“–No, now I interrupt you. We only have our own line. Whether that coincide or not with the positions of different countries, that is not our intention.”
If any “accusatory statements” of that kind are done in a Wikipedia article, it should be accompanied with what the “accused” have commented on it. That practice is in line with the spirit of an encyclopaedia.
In conclusion, and judging of what is in the text in this section, the only one accusing of “ pro-Russian propaganda” here is the anonymous Wikipedia user, the same anonymous user all along.
The new Wikipedia article ends with this affirmation:
“Dr. Ferrada de Noli was interviewed by Russian media about his view that the Khan Shaykhun chemical attack of April 4, 2017 was probably caused by the opposition groups and not the Syrian government.”
We have never affirmed that. To an interview question on why it would be possible that other forces than the Syrian government could be behind the attack, Professor Marcello Ferrada de Noli just said that in that case, the possibility would rest in that attacks of that kind have been previously documented from belligerent opposition forces, and that reports from the US have mentioned the possession of such weapons by belligerent opposition forces.
On the contrary, we have instead stressed that there is no solid evidence to conclusively put the blame on any of the parties involved, neither that the alleged attack took place under the characterizations described in the media. Therefore, we have only insisted in the need of a thorough examination by experts.
Neither we have ever said that the ‘White Helmets kill children’ or that its members have never done rescue activities. We have only said that a video examined by our doctors show improper, non-medical and dangerous life-saving procedures including an apparently faked injection. SWEDHR has neither stated which was “the real cause” of death nor the “possible cause” of death of those children. These issues were never explained in the DN article, and of course, neither here in this Wikipedia article mainly based on recent edits clearly done to suit the agenda of the “one and same” Wikipedia user who did all the editing.
II. Defamation ad-hominem
From the affidavit (sworn statement) by Professor Emeritus Marcello Ferrada de Noli, on the material contained in the deleted bio article in Wikipedia:
"I declare that the entirely biographic, academic, political, medial and miscellaneous information contained in the Wikipedia article "Marcello Ferrada de Noli", version November 8, 2016, as retrieved May 7, 2017, from the publication in WOW.com [http://www.wow.com/wiki/Marcello_Ferrada-Noli/, is fully accurate and correspond to facts as they happened in my political and academic life".
A Wikipedia user has declared May 3, 2017, in a public Wikipedia forum, and publicly reaffirmed his libel in another Wikipedia forum May 8, 2017, that the subject of the article (me) has never been a founder of the Chilean political party Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR, and thus misrepresenting that “notability” for “self-promotional” aims. In another edit, the same user affirms that I have never been member of the Russel Tribunal on Chile, in Rome. For this, the user cites records published by the CIA, in which I have not been named, says the user. Another Wikipedia user finishes the discussion by affirming that I am not even a true political refugee, but “An old man who fled to Sweden (where gaining political refugee status in the wake of the overthrow of Allende was extraordinarily easy”.
After the last edit above, a Wikipedia administrator visited the page and deleted the article.
Image at right: Lead of the Wikipedia article now closed on the base of false information provided by anonymous user [Click on image to see the full text of the original bio article].
Comments on the argumentation used for the article deletion:
1. The falsehood put forward by a Wikipedia user that I have never been one of the founders of the Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR, Chile) is a defamation.
Andrés Pascal Allende, nephew of the late President Salvador Allende, is the former General Secretary of MIR who led the organization after the dead in combat by Miguel Enríquez. He communicated to me via email on May 4, 2017, that he would prepare an official statement about me being one of the founders of MIR, and on my participation in the Foundation Congress of August 1965, in Santiago de Chile. Andrés Pascal is currently the President of the Miguel Enríquez Foundation, which keeps the archives on the history of the MIR.
I received the document signed by Andrés Pascal, ex General Secretary of MIR, on May 8, 2017:
The following books, including the specific subject “History of MIR”, academic theses in history, and media reports give testimony of my participation in the foundation congress of MIR, in August 1965:
a. Historian Matías Ortiz Figueroa, “El tercer congreso del MIR: giro generacional, re-estructuración orgánica y cambios en la militancia, 1967-1969“, Revista Tiempo Histórico, Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano, N° 6, 2013. (version pdf here).
Author Ortiz Figeroa refers in page 93: “(In MIR’s) young generation are noteworthy individuals such as Miguel Enríquez, Bautista Van Schouwen, Marcello Ferrada-Noli or Luciano Cruz, who enrolled the organizational structure at (MIR) foundation, and reached, by 1967, posts in the National Secretariat and the Central Committee”.
b. Author Sergio Salinas, “Historia y Contexto del Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria“, RIL Editores, 2013, 361 pages, ISBN: 978-956-01-0040-5.
In page 219 the author refers one Ferrada-Noli’s stance in the Foundation Congress, in which Ferrada-Noli argued for inserting in the first paragraph in the approved “Declaración de Principios”, the libertarian aim of “abolition of the state” as ultimate goal of the Revolution. The book is illustrated in page 34 with a photo of Marcello Ferrada de Noli and Miguel Enríquez, taken in 1967, two years after the foundation of MIR. [Click on images to enlarge].
c. Author Juan Saavedra Gorritaeguy, “Te cuento otra vez esa historia tan bonita, Memorias de un Fundador del MIR“, Editorial Quimantú, 2011. Book presented at the Law Faculty, University of Concepción. Author Juan Saavedra is MIR’s lawyer.
In page 49 of the book, the author gives first-hand testimony that Marcello Ferrada de Noli, Miguel Enríquez, Bautista Van Schouwen and Sergio Perez travelled together from Concepción to attend the MIR Foundation Congress in Santigo, in August 1965.
d. P. Naranjo, M. Ahumada, M. Garcés, J. Pinto, “Miguel Enríquez y el proyecto revolucionario en Chile: discursos y documentos del Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria.” LOM ediciones, 2004. 352 pages.
In Pedro Naranjo’s introduction text “Vida de Miguel Enríquez y el MIR” is clearly stated that I was both one of the founders of MIR and one of the co-authors of the first Tesis Político-Militar (Political-Military Thesis):
The above text in the book by Narajo et. al. has central importance in my complain, as the user who imputed misrepresentation in the foundation of MIR, declared the following in a Wikipedia forum on May 3, 2017, referring specifically to the book above:
“A google book search of this book shows that it does mention Ferrada – as a friend of Enríquez, and one of a large group of university classmates with whom he discussed Marxist ideas. I have no doubt that Ferrada and Enríquez were friends. This still doesn’t make him a founder of MIR.”
f. Authors Daniel Avendaño & Mauricio Palma, “El Rebelde de la Burguesía. La Historia de Miguel Enríquez“, Ediciones CESOC, 3a edición, 2002, ISBN: 956-211-095-8.
In page 62 of the book, the authors document that Marcello Ferrada Noli and Marco Antonio Enríquez (Miguel’s brother) collaborated with Miguel Enríquez in the preparation of the Insurrection Thesis, the main document presented in the Foundation Congress. The Insurrection Thesis, officially named “The Conquest of Power Via Insurrection”, is historically considered the first document of MIR.
In page 69 of the book, the authors declare that the source of the above information (the participation of Ferrada de Noli in the preparation of the Insurrection Thesis) was Marco Antonio Enríquez, in an interview that the authors had with him in Paris on February 2, 1999. (While Marco Antonio was history professor at the Université de Paris-Sorbonne).
The above notations on the book by Avendaño and Palma have central importance in my complain, as the user who imputed misrepresentation in the foundation of MIR, declared the following in a Wikipedia forum on May 3, 2017, referring specifically to the book above:
“The same as before. Ferrada is mentioned as one of many friends of Enríquez at university.”
The user was deceivingly omitting the passage he knew it refers to my active participation in the foundation of MIR. This user is supposed to know the book well, since the user has made a special edit in the SWEDHR page to include the above book as secondary reference.
g. Nancy Guzmán Jasme, “Un grito desde el silencio: detención, asesinato y desaparición de Bautista van Schouwen y Patricio Munita”. LOM Ediciones, Santiago, 1998.
From the book by journalist Nancy Guzman (referred here):
“In 1961 (Bautista Van Schouwen) enrolls the Medical School at the University of Concepción, where he met Jorge Gutiérrez Correa, Miguel Enríquez and Marcello Ferrada-Noli, with whom he initiated his political militancy. In 1965, it took place the Foundation Congress of the Revolutionary Left Movement, MIR, in which they advocated for the armed struggle as a road to socialism”.
h. Author Marco Álvarez Vergara, “La Ruta Rebelde. Historia de la Izquierda Revolucionaria“, Editorial Escaparate, Santiago, 2014.
On page 68-69, the historian refers my participation in the Movimiento Socialista Revolucionario (MSR), the group from the University of Concepción which evolved to the foundation of MIR. The MSR was composed by Miguel Enríquez, Marco Antonio Enríquez, Marcello Ferrada de Noli, Jorge Gutiérrez Correa and Bautista Van Schouwen Vasey.
i. Author Marco Álvarez Vergara, “La Constituyente Revolucionaria. Historia de la Fundación del MIR chileno“, LOM Ediciones, 2015. ISBN-10: 9560006177.
The author describes in page 68 the significance for further events in the MIR, of a discussion I had during the first day of the MIR foundation Congress with Trotskyists representatives, on the issue of revolutionary violence (I was a left-libertarian). Author Álvarez writes that “Ferrada-Noli’s attitude…opened the first discussion around the appraisal of revolutionary violence between the young sector and the Trotskyists. Eventually all Trotskyists left the MIR. Then we said, “without ballast we will advance faster”.
j. Journalist Gabriela Yáñez, “En exclusiva: La historia del baúl perdido de Miguel Enríquez“, The Clinic, October 5, 2014.
The report is based in the “Diary of Miguel Enríquez”, a series of manuscripts hand-written by Miguel Enríquez himself , and that it was discovered only in 2014. In one section of the report is found the following text: “When (Miguel Enríquez) enrolls the high school Liceo Enrique Molina in Concepción, he met those who would become the central nucleon in the foundation of MIR in 1965: Bautista Van Schouwen, Luciano Cruz and Marcello Ferrada.”
2. The information given in a public Wikipedia forum that the Chilean media would have never covered my political whereabouts in MIR before and at the time of the Pinochet dictatorship is a complete falsehood. The following sample of photographs appeared in the main media of Chile, namely, the largest newspapers El Mercurio and La Tercera de la Hora in Santiago, and the main newspapers El Sur, Crónica and Diario La Patria in Concepción. To see these pictures open the documents below.
Furthermore, the Wikipedia-user who is author of the defamation, even argues that only Miguel Enríquez and Luciano Cruz seems to be named. However, the first newspaper clip here below, corresponds to a report in newspaper “Crónica”, Concepción, July 7, 1969. The dispatch, done from Santiago de Chile, affirms that a police force had traveled from Santiago to the southern city of Los Angeles, to perform an operation to capture MIR fugitives. It is said that the police operative took place “in a rural property owned by the parents of the MIR leader Marcelo Ferrada”. And the dispatch also adds that the police had reports that Marcello Ferrada, Patula Saavedra and Luciano Cruz, apparently, have been hidden there by the end of June that year.
Here is a report from main newspaper “El Mercurio”, published about two weeks before Pinochet’s military coup. The report is called “Trough The Terrorist History of The Revolutionary Left Movement”. In the text juxtaposed in the center of the image (an enhanced segment of the column at the right, para starting “4 Agosto”) it reads,
“Near Concepción was detained the professor de filosofía and member of the Consejo Superior of the University of Concepción Marcelo Ferrada Noli. It’s about one of the 13 MIR-members, fugitive from Justice, and against whom there were detention warrants in the process for subversion-activities of the MIR”. Other MIR members in the list: Miguel Enríquez, Bautista Van Schouwen, Luciano Cruz, Juan Saavedra Gorriateguy and Sergio Pérez.
Here below is the report “The prisoners at Quiriquina Island”, published by the second largest paper, “La Tercera de la Hora”, after that the Resistance to the military in Concepción took an end. The caption reads,
“The extremists that have attacked the military forces with fire arms, and also the local authorities, have been concentrated In Quiriquina Island” (I am the “extremist” indicated with a red arrow).
To the above is to be added reports of May-June 1974 in the Italian newspapers e.g. Corriere della Sera, l’Unità, about my participation in the Russell Tribunal in Rome and/or my exhibitions of political art in Rome (Galleria Morelli, Feltrinelli Editore, twice).
3. The libellous accusation on that I would not be a truly political refugee in Sweden, is contained in the following defamation referred on my person, stated by a user in the deletion discussion:
“An old man who fled to Sweden (where gaining political refugee status in the wake of the overthrow of Allende was extraordinarily easy – the sympathetic Swedes just took your world for it.”
The above libel is contested by life experience as multiple times detained, combating, and made prisoner by the military forces of Pinochet. The Swedish authorities decided to provide me with the Geneva Convention Alien Passport for political reasons, which was my only identity document until I received the Swedish citizenship [See also next item below, on Russell Tribunal]. Here in the image below, prisoner at the Quiriquina Island Camp.
4. The defamation on that I would have never participated at the Russell Tribunal in Rome, and that neither I would have participated in the Scientific Committee of that Tribunal, is simply refuted by a letter signed by Ms Linda Bimbi of the Foundation Lelio Basso (Italy), who was appointed secretary of the referred Scientific Committee ad hoc to the Russell Tribunal on Chile. In this letter is clearly stated my participation in the above-referred Scientific Committee. Ms Linda Bimbi sent the letter to the Head of Amnesty International, Swedish section. Copies of this letter were given by Amnesty to the human rights lawyer Hand Göran Frank, who legally represented my case after petition of Amnesty International, and subsequently a copy of the document also ended by Swedish Immigration authority that decided my political asylum.
The libel cites as source a CIA document, which according to the user it would name only García Marquez and Gediger as members of the Tribunal. In fact the CIA document named by the user Gammemaster9 refers partly to the Organization Commission, and partly to the Jury of the Russel Tribunal in Rome on Chile. But the bio article clearly referred to the Scientific Committee, which was the one that continued working –after the open Tribunal ended the deliberations– with the documentation presented in the hearings. In my case, I entered the Tribunal Russel when it was already in session, and I entered as witness on war crimes in my capacity of “ex prisoner of war” [See certificate above].
A second source for confusion is that there was a “mother” Tribunal Russell, which had treated denounces of war crimes in a variety of world scenarios, such as Vietnam, etc. It might be that the CIA book is referring to that main organization, whereas I am referring to the Scientific Committee of the specific Russell Tribunal dealing with the human-rights infringements by the Chilean Military Junta. On the other hand I do remember, and vividly, that in the meetings in the offices of the foundation at Via Della Dongana Veccia, were both jurist Dedijer (at least in one meeting before a hastily return to then Yugoeslavia), and writer García Marquez (which stayed longer in Rome after the proceedings of the Tribunal).
If my name would not be found in CIA records reporting the whereabouts at that time of the Russell Tribunal (when Linda Bimbi was establishing the named Scientific Committee), it would also be for the simple reason that at particular time I was undergoing imprisonment and torture for my participation in the Resistance against the fascist coup that the CIA helped to bring about with violent means. After my testimony in Rome I was invited by Linda Bimbi to joint the Scientific Committee, because, even if I was an ex prisoner of Pinochet, I was also a professor (in Chile).
I was also a militant of MIR, and after my three month or so in the Scientific Committee I had to take other operative assignments in MIR, ending as head of MIR & JCR Sweden-based counterespionage unit in Scandinavia. I left MIR in 1977.
My activities in the MIR since its foundation in 1965, are described by a testimony in my coming book (“Rebeldes con Causa. Mi vida con Miguel Enríquez y el MIR”) as been both of operative character (clandestine, non public, with direct assignments by Miguel Enríquez and members of the leading Political Bureau) and uncovered, as it was in the university/academic front –which instead was periodically referred by the mainstream media in Concepción. I also headed MIR’s Brigada Universitaria during the years in which the development of the student movement in Concepción has been regarded, including by Miguel Enríquez, as national hallmark of the early MIR. But being the first cadre in our early ranks that received military training in Cuba, is not a thing that MIR would publicized in the press.
5. Finally, it is not for me to argue on the academic notability issue, but to the editors of any scholarly review or encyclopedia. Yet, I shall be referring, here, in a later text, to the untruthful arguments put forward by the same user also on that issue.
This user gamesmasterg9 during a brief lapse, first tried to delete the article on SWEDHR, and then the article about the SWEDHR founder, on the base of falsehoods. Furthermore, that same user has banner-tagged a variety of other Wikipedia articles associated with the “Movement of the Revolutionary Left” where Ferrada de Noli is also mentioned, and (correctly) as one founder. Then, odd enough, that user has asked for “speed-deletion” of one article called “Antonio de Noli Academic Society” in which it is mentioned that Marcello Ferrada de Noli was elected, several years ago, “Honorary President” (?) All what would show not only an agenda-pattern, or whatever pattern, but also constitutes a disruptive activity with regards to the Wikipedia readers. And not only the readers of the English Wikipedia, for that same user gamesmasterg9 has now asked for the deletion of all the bio articles about the SWEDHR founder found in other language versions of Wikipedia.
To summarise, out of the 50 most recent contributions which that user has done in Wikipedia between 04:49 May 10, and 04:30 April 17, 2017, the whole 45 “contributions” appear to mainly consist in disruptive editing on articles in which the name “Marcello Ferrada de Noli” is associated with.
Nevertheless, making SWEDHR, and all who is associated with SWEDHR, vanished from Wikipedia, will not vanish our struggle for the just causes, for human rights for all, and for peace.
III. On false statements about impact of research findings
1. Books citing Ferrada Noli’s research findings
(Update. List retrieved from Google, May 16, 2017)
Ferrada–Noli and his colleagues (1998) studied a group of refugees, mainly from the Middle East and Africa, and, among those with post-traumatic stress disorder, 40 percent had attempted suicide, 29 percent had detailed plans for suicide …
In page 157:
“See Ferrada–Noli et al., “Suicidal Behavior After Severe Trauma, Part 2: The Association Between Methods of Torture and of Suicidal Ideation in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.” Sister Dianna Ortiz, “The Survivor’s Perspective,” in The Mental …
In page 127:
In pages 34-35:
“Ferrada-Noli et al., (1998) assessed the prevalence of PTSD and psychiatric comorbidity, the incidence of suicidal behavior among refugees with a history of exposure to severe trauma, and the possible difference between the diagnoses with …”
“These suggested relationships between main stressors and content of suicidal ideation”:
Social Psychiatry andPsychiatric Epidemiology, 43(11), 905–912. doi: 10.1007/s00127-008-0382-5 Ferrada–Noli, M., & Åsberg, M. (1997). Psychiatric health, ethnicity and socioeconomic factors among suicides in Stockholm. Psychological …
Psychological Medicine, 30: 23–39. Ferrada–Noli, M. (1996). Social psychological vs. socio-economic hypotheses on the epidemiology of suicide: An empirical study. Psychological Reports, 79(3, Pt 1): 707–710. Ferrada–Noli, M. & Asberg, …
Ferrada–Noli M, Asberg M, Ormstad K (1998) Suicidal behaviour after severe trauma Part 2. The association between methods of torture and of suicidal ideation in posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal ofTrauma and Stress11: 113^124.
Fennelly, K. (2007). The “healthy migrant” effect. Minnesota Medicine, 90, 51–3. Ferrada–Noli, M. (1997). A cross-cultural breakdown of Swedish suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 96, 108–16. Ferrada–Noli, M. and Asberg, M. (1997).
Is sexual orientation related to mental health problems and suicidality in young people? Archives of General Psychiatry, 56(10): 876-880. Ferrada–Noli M, Asberg M. 1997. Psychiatric health, ethnicity and socioeconomic factors among suicides …
Janice W. Lee – 2005 – Preview
Rudmin, Ferrada–Noli, and Skolbekken (2003) examined associations between cultural values defied by Hofstede (2001) and suicide incidence rates for 33 nations, including Japan. They found that power-distance, uncertainty avoidance, and …
Danuta Wasserman, Camilla Wasserman – 2009 – Snippet view
For instance, immigrants in Sweden—which comprise minorities from Chile—have shown in general a higher suicide rate than both native Swedes and their counterparts in Chile (Ferrada–Noli 1997). A psychiatric epidemiology study based …
Stockholm (2008) (http://ferrada–noli.blogspot.com/ 2008_09_13_archive.html) References • Simon Collier & William F. Sater (1996). A History of Chile: 1808-1994. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. • Julio Faundez (1988). Marxism and …
… reintegration problems faced by combat veterans returning to civilian life have profound consequences for personal and community health (Beckham, Moore, & Reynolds, 2000; CDC, 2005; Ferrada–Noli, Ormstad, Lundin, & Sundbom, 1998; …
Suicide Attempts and Suicidal Behavior People who adhere to religious beliefs— particularly religious proscriptions against suicidal behavior—appear to be at lower risk for suicidal acts (Nelson & Farberow, 1980; Ferrada–Noli & Sundbom, …
Ferrada–Noli, M., Asberg, M., Ormstad, K., Lundin, T., & Sundbom, E. (1998). Suicidal behavior after severe trauma, part 1: PTSD diagnoses, psychiatric comorbidity, and assessments of suicidal behavior. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11, …
Ferrada–Noli, M., Asberg, M., Ormstad, K., & Nordstrom, P. (1995). Definite and undetermined forensic diagnoses of suicide among immigrants in Sweden. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 91, 130–135. Fine, W., & Steer, R. A. (1977).
Ferrada–Noli M, Ormstad K, Asberg M. Pathoanatomic findings and blood alcohol analysis at autopsy (BAC) in forensic diagnoses of undetermined suicide. A cross-cultural study. Forensic Sci Int 1996; 78: 157-63. Ohberg A, Vuori E, Ojanpera I …
Ferrada–Noli, M. (1997). A cross-cultural breakdown of Swedish suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 96, 108–111. Hovey, J.D., & King, C.A. (1996). Acculturative stress, depression, and suicidal ideation among immigrant and second …
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 836: 288-301. Fegersten Saugstad, L. and Ödegård, O. (1979) Mortality in psychiatric hospitals in Norway, 1950–1974. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 59:431–447. Ferrada–Noli, M., Asberg, M., …
J Forensic Sci 55:1592–1597, 2010 Webster Rudmin F, Ferrada–Noli M, Skolbekken JA: Questions of culture, age and gender in the epidemiology of suicide. Scand J Psychol 44:373–381, 2003 Weiss RD, Hufford MR: Substance abuse and …
Enticott, P. G. & Ogloff, J. R. P. (2006). Elucidation of impulsivity. Australian Psychologist, 41, 3-14. Ferrada–Noli, M. (1997). A cross-cultural breakdown of Swedish suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 96, 108-116. Fliege, H., Lee, J. R., …
Vol. 10, No. 3 – Magazine – Full view
Psychological Medicine 28, 201-208. Ferrada–Noli, M., Asberg, M., Ormstad, K. and Nordström, P. (1995) “Definite and undetermined forensic diagnoses of suicide among immigrants in Sweden”. Ada Psychiatrica Scandi- navica91, 130-135.
FERRADA–NOLI, M., ASBERG, M., ORMSTAD, K. and NORDSTROM, P. (1995) ‘Definite and undetermined forensic diagnoses of suicide among immigrants in Sweden’, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 91, 2, pp. 130-5. GARIN, B., JEANNEL …
Ferguson, R. J., Mittenberg, W., Barone, D. F., and Schneider, B. (1999). Postconcussion syndrome following sports-related head injury: Expectation as etiology. Neuropsychology, 13, 582-589. Ferrada–Noli, M., Asberg, M., Ormstad, K., Lundin …
The job demands-resources model of burnout.JournalofApplied Psychology, 86, 499¥512. Ferrada–Noli, M., Asberg, M., Ormstad, K., Lundin, T., & Sundbom, E. (1998). Suicidal behavior after severe trauma, Part 1: PTSD diagnoses, psychiatric …
In a sample of refugees of multiple nationalities exposed to traumatic situations, Ferrada–Noli et al (1998)  found that PTSD was the most frequent diagnosis and the one most associated with suicide behaviors. An interesting finding was …
2001 – Snippet view
Ferrada–Noli M. A cross-cultural breakdown of Swedish suicide. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1997; 96: 108-16. 4. Elfawal MA. Cultural influence on the incidence and choice of method of suicide in Saudi Arabia. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1999; 20: …
Birger Winsa – 1998 – Snippet view
Minority position and health The effects of unemployment, ill health, poverty and other socio-economic conditions on life expectancy have been well documented (Diderichsen 1981; Ljungqvist 1996; Ferrada–Noli 1996). One effect of …
2006 – Snippet view – More editions
Rudmin, F. W., Ferrada–Noli, M., & Skolbekken, J. (2003). Questions of culture, age and gender in the epidemiology of suicide. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 44. 373- 381. Silverman, M. M., Meyer, P. M., Sloane, F., Raf- fel, M., & Pratt.
2002 – Snippet view – More editions
Ferrada–Noli. M. 1997. Across-cultural breakdown of Swedish suicide. Acta Psychiatr Scand, 96 : 108-1 16. Finau, S. & P. Lasalo 1985. Suicide and parasuicide in Paradise. N Z Family Physician. 12 : 101-104. Freud, S. 1961a. Mourning and …
Charles Edward Robins – 2003 – Snippet view
… H., 121 Cohen, D. B., 86-87 Cotgrave, 78 Croce, B., 73 Crossan.J. D., 33 Dao,J., 74-75 Darwin, C, 151 Descartes, R., 159 Dworkin, R., xv Einstein, A., 76-77 Evans, D., 172, 173, 174, 175 Feingold, R., xv Fellini, F., 73 Ferrada–Noli, M., 128 …
2005 – Snippet view – More editions
Ferrada–Noli, Marcello 2004: Kejsarens utbranda klader. Sociologisk Forskning nr 1, 2004. Frykman, Jonas, Seremetakis, Nadia & Ewert, Susanne 1998: Identities in Pain. Lund: Nordic Academic Press. Frykman, Jonas & Hansen. Kjeil 2005: …
2004 – Snippet view – More editions
… of Diseases, l0th revision. Genelence of psychiatric disorders among Mexican workers in Kuwait. lnt Migr Rev l99l;25:464- va, World Health Organization, l992. Americans in Los Angeles. Health Soc Behav 486. 2l Ferrada–Noli M. Asberg M, …
2001 – Snippet view
Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen; 1997. pp s 50. 46. Johansson L-M. Migration, mental health and suicide, an epidemiological, psychiatric and cross-cultural study. (Dissertation). Stockholm: Repro Print AB: 1997. 47. Ferrada–Noli M. Asberg M.
Ferrada–Noli, M., Asberg, M., Ormstad, K., Lundin, T. and Sundbom, E. (1998). Suicidal behavior after severe trauma. Part 1: PTSD diagnoses, psychiatric co-morbidity, and assessments of suicidal behavior. Journal of Traumatic Stress 11, …
2003 – Snippet view – More editions
1 (1998): 399-405; and D.R. Williams and C. Collins, “Racial Residential Segregation: A Fundamental Cause of Racial Disparities in Health,“ Public Health Reports 116, no. 5 (2001): 404-416. M. Ferrada–Noli, “Health and Socioeconomic …
https://books.google.com/books?isbn=3896061844 – Translate this page
2008 – Snippet view
Institut für Therapieforschung (Hrsg) (1993) Expertise über Schätzverfahren zum Umfang der Drogenproblematik in Deutschland. München 78. Bundeskriminalamt (Hrsg) (2001) Rauschgiftjahresbericht. Wiesbaden 79. Ferrada–Noli M, Asberg …
https://books.google.com/books?id=gQ5SAQAAIAAJ – Translate this page
1997 – Snippet view – More editions
FERRADA–NOLI, M. 1996: Social Psychological vs Socioeconomic hypotheses on the Epidemiology of Suicide: An Empirical Study. – Psychological Reports 79:707-710. Stockholm. GELLNER, ERNEST 1994: Nations and Nationalism.
POLITICS & HUMAN RIGHTS
1999 – Snippet view – More editions
Ferrada–Noli M, Asberg M, Ormstad K. Suicidal behavior after severe trauma. Part 2: The association between methods of torture and of suicidal ideation in post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 1998; 11/1: 1 13-24.
Peter Kornbluh spearheaded the effort to declassify some 24,000 secret CIA, White House, National Security Council, and Defense Department records on Chile, and when The Pinochet File was first published in 2003, Marc Cooper wrote in the …
2001 – Snippet view – More editions
Ferrada–Noli M., Social, psychological vs socioeconomic hypothesis on the epidemiology of suicide: An empirical study. Psychol Rep, 1990, 79:707-710. 26. Bourgeois M.L., Psychological autopsies is the study of suicide. Encephale, 1996, 22: …
1991 – Snippet view – More editions
The applicants have also submitted the following documents: – a report dated 18 January 1990 from a former Professor of Psychology at the University of Chile, Marcello Ferrada– Noli, currently researcher at the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, …
- Sartorius – 2002 – Snippet view
Ferrada–Noli M., Asberg M., Ormstad K., Sundbom T., Lundin E. (1998) Suicidal behaviour after severe trauma. Part I: PTSD diagnosis, psychiatric comorbidity, and assessments of suicidal behaviour. /. Traumatic Stress, 11: 103-112. 37.
… 1949/ faulkner—speech Fernandez Fernandez, D., La Teología de la Liberación en Chile, at WWW.revistas. uca.es/indeX.php/tracadero/article/vieWFile/SSI /745 Ferrada, M., ‘Ferrada—Noli versus Pinochet’, at antifascist.Worldpress.com/ …
1996 – Preview
Dans un rapport établi le 18 avril 1994, M. Marcello Ferrada–Noli, psychologue, conclut que le requérant souffre de troubles psychiques post-traumatiques s’accompagnant de tendances suicidaires, d’insomnies et de cauchemars. Dans son …
https://books.google.com/books?id=azQzAQAAIAAJ – Translate this page
1972 – Snippet view – More editions
Granma, Havanna, Resümen Semanal vom 28. 11. 1971, S. 14. 17« Ferrada Noli, Marcelo, jUn socialismo comunitario?, in: Punto Final, V (1971), Nr. 137. S. 7. 171 Vgl. Silva Solar, Julio, La construcciön pluralista del Socialismo, in: Mensaje, ..
https://books.google.com/books?isbn=3452221458 – Translate this page
The applicants have also submitted the following documents: – a report dated 18 January 1990 from a former Professor of Psychology at the University of Chile, Mr Marcello Ferrada–Noli, currently researcher at the Karolinska Institute, …
https://books.google.com/books?id=DkM_AQAAIAAJ – Translate this page
1991 – Snippet view – More editions
Les requérants ont produit encore : – le rapport, daté du 18 janvier 1990, d’un ancien professeur de psychologie à l’Université du Chili, M. Marcello Ferrada–Noli , aujourd’hui chercheur à l’Institut Karolinska de Stockholm ; il laisse entendre …
On Ferrada Noli’s earlier book “Teoría y Método de la Concentización”
https://books.google.com/books?id=RkxHAAAAYAAJ – Translate this page
1975 – Snippet view – More editions
80 Los Grandes Socialistas y la Educación/ Maurice Dommanget La Crisis Mundial de la Educación/ Philip H. Coombs. 81 Teoría y Método de la Concientización/ Marcelo Ferrada Noli. 82 Los Viejos (Pecadores) viven más/ Norbert Leb.iri 84 …
https://books.google.com/books?id=DP4kAQAAIAAJ – Translate this page
1980 – Snippet view – More editions
México: Siglo XXI, 1977. 4. Contreras, Mario y Sosa, Ignacio. Antología. Latinoamérica en el siglo XX, 18981945. México: UNAM, 1973. 5. Ferrada Noli, Marcelo. Teoría y método de la concientizaclón. Monterrey, N. L.: UANL, 1972. 6. Freire.
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1977 – Snippet view – More editions
… Trabajo Social, que fue elaborado por su autora en coordinación con la “Metodología para la Concientización” del profesor MARCELO FERRADA NOLI, discípulo de PAULO, FREYRE, ubica el Diagnóstico en dos etapas de dicho proceso; …
https://books.google.com/books?id=MNcQAAAAYAAJ – Translate this page
La DC buscaba crear, por intermedio de esta política de «capacitación campesina», un instrumento que permitiera rom- 91 Una buena síntesis de estas ideas está contenida en M. Ferrada Noli, La educación de adultos en América latina y …
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Jesús Silva Herzog – 1997 – Snippet view – More editions
Dr. Sergio Infante, escritor, lector, Universidad de Estocolmo Pablo Vera, actor de cine y teatro Ricardo Saavedra, dentista, Órebo Irene Molina, geógrafa cultural, Universidad de Upsala Dr. Marcelo Ferrada Noli, investigador en Salud Pública …
https://books.google.com/books?id=7WkQAAAAYAAJ – Translate this page
Ferrada Noli, Marcelo. Teorla y método de la concientización, UANL, Monterrey, 1972. Freire, Paulo. Pedagogía del oprimido, Siglo XXI, México, 1970. La educación como práctica de la libertad, Siglo XXI, México, 1972. González Casanova …
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1993 – Snippet view
A segunda proposta, denominada Metodologia da Conscientização fora recriada, segundo Clark, pelo professor Marcelo Ferrada Noli – da Universidade de Concepción – a partir do método de alfabetização de Paulo Freire com os …