Geneva Convention: Assassination of the parachuting Russian pilot was a war crime

. By Professor Marcello Ferrada de Noli. Chairman, Swedish Doctors for Human Rights. US State Dept on assassination of Russian pilot Lieutenant-Colonel Oleg Peshkov: “If these Turkmen were actually being attacked by these Russian strikes, they have every right to defend themselves.”/ Mark C. Toner, deputy spokesperson, at the daily press briefing 24 Nov 2015. […]


By Professor Marcello Ferrada de Noli.

Chairman, Swedish Doctors for Human Rights.

Text - Dep. spokesperson US Dept of State on Turkmen assassination of Russian Pilot Oleg Peshkov - The_Indicter

US State Dept on assassination of Russian pilot Lieutenant-Colonel Oleg Peshkov: “If these Turkmen were actually being attacked by these Russian strikes, they have every right to defend themselves.”/ Mark C. Toner, deputy spokesperson, at the daily press briefing 24 Nov 2015.

 shocking video of Syrian rebels shooting at Russian pilot swhile parashuting – The_Indicter article

The Russian government has requested Turkey the detention and prosecution of Turkmen rebels which acknowledged to have killed the Russian SU-24 pilot, after the plane was ambushed by Turkey in November 2015. In fact, the pilot was killed while parachuting – after the Russian plane was fired at by a Turkish combat aircraft. To fire from the ground to parachuting pilots surviving a crash is severely condemned by international law; The 1949 Geneve Convention categorizes this deed as war crime.

On Dec 30, 2015, Hürriyet Daily News  published the photo below; in the article’s text it reads:

“In an interview published on Dec. 27 in daily Hürriyet, Çelik – a Turkish citizen who says has been fighting with Turkmens in Syria and Iraq – said his “conscience cannot be troubled by a person who threw bombs at Turkmen civilians every day,” referring to the slain Russian pilot, Oleg Peshkov.”

in daily Hürriyet, Çelik

On the same December 30, 2015, the Russian government asked Turkey to take the killer of the Russian pilot to trial.

maria zakharova -Russia demands arrest of killer of SU24 pilot - The_Indicter

shooting-at-paras-is-a-war-crime-n1 - The_Indicter



A. Were the pilots of the Russian SU-24 warned on the eventual shot-downing?
B. Was the Russian aircraft violating Turkeys’ airspace?
C. How the commander pilot was killed
D. This IS a war crime

A Russian aircraft was in the middle of a scheduled operation aimed to bomb IS formations. While doing this it was intercepted by a Turkish jet fighter and shot-down, whereas the survivor navigator declares that no warning was issued by the Turkish pilots.  The two Russian pilots ejected. One of them was saved by a commando rescue unit. The other pilot – the  aircraft commander – was killed while descending in parachute. New information (26/11) indicates that the operative by the Turkish air force was dome in conjunction with ground operations sustained by the Ankara-backed anti-Assad Turkmen in Syria. In concrete, “a military offensive we started in the mountainous area of  Najiyah”, says to Reuters the head of the forces in the area – a Turkish man. 

I will address here several questions about this dangerous event, a) Were the pilots of the Russian aircraft pre-warned on the eventual shot-downing? b) Was the Russian aircraft violating Turkeys’ airspace? c) How was the commander pilot killed, and does the killing of a parachuting pilot constitutes a war crime?


A. Were the pilots of the Russian SU-24 warned on the eventual shot-downing?

Capt MurahtinCaptain Konstantin Murakhtin

The survivor navigator, Captain Konstantin Murakhtin, declared in the first press conference, as soon he arrived:

– “it was no warning, not on the radio or (otherwise)…there were no contacts. If they have wanted to warned, they could have shown themselves by flying alongside.”

BBC 'no warning' says Rus pilot

For the sake of my argument, I will analyze the propaganda video released by the Turkish authorities, seen here below. The footage is in a suspiciously HD-resolution of the highest quality, which we are asked to believe was done inside the cabin of the Turkish pilot while engaged in ‘combat-flying’ maneuver. According to this film, the pilot warns the Russian plane that it is approaching the border. The voice says,

“you are approaching Turkish airspace”

My first comment:

The Western media have said that this message was repeated ten times by the Turkish pilot. But in the official video, we hear only this sentence three times. Moreover, the phrase “you are approaching Turkish airspace” is not repeated three times by the “pilot” voice while times elapses. What do we hear in the video is that the film-maker reproduced the first sentence three times. There is not a single change in the rhythm of the words, the intonation, the ‘syllabus-space’, etc. The sentence lasts exactly the same time in the three “different sayings”. This video seems to be a fake, an amateurishly made fake video.

My second comment:

pilot never warned on downing

The Turkish pilot, if we would believe the video here below, never warned the Russian pilots that their aircraft would be fired at if not comply with the warning. The Turkish pilot was in that case  (if the video is real) only notifying the Russian pilot on the risk of his aircraft approaching the border. Click on the image for the video:

'This is Trk air frc speaking'


B. Was the Russian aircraft violating Turkeys’ airspace?


The survivor navigator emphatically denied that their aircraft was violating Turkish air space. In a videoed interview he complains:

“No way that we’d have violated Turkish airspace. It’s not possible. Not even for one second.” One can hear the statement in the video segment, by clicking on my tweeter below:

noway Turkish airspace violation

Captain Konstantin Murakhtin:

“In actual fact there were no warnings at all. Neither through the radio, nor visually, so we did not at any point adjust our course. You need to understand the difference in speed between a tactical bomber like Su-24, and that of the F16. If they wanted to warn us, they could have sat on our wing,” said Murakhtin, who is currently recuperating at Russia’s airbase in Latakia, in northern Syria. “As it was the missile hit the back of our plane out of nowhere. We didn’t even have time to make an evasive maneuver.”

The team had experience navigating in the area. Captain Konstantin Murakhtin declared the following, according to Reuters:

capt Mrakhtin

Reuters further informs that US Intelligence has established that the aircraft was downed in Syrian territory.

Former Chief of Staff at the U.S. Air Force, Lt. Gen. Tom McInerney, interviewed in Fox News says that he has seen the radar traction on the event, and which indicated that the Russian aircraft was heading south over Syrian territory.

These are General McInerney’s words:

The Russian aircraft “was heading south to Syrian territory.” And the General added, “That was a very poor judgment from Turkey’s part”.

So, if it were truth that the Russian aircraft was “warned”, according to the US satellite they had complied with the warning and headed south, as required.

Which it would mean that they were simple executed from the rear by the NATO-Turkish air force.

This airplane was not making any maneuvers to attack the territory,” former Vice Chief of Staff of the US Air Force, Lt. Gen. Tom McInerney, told Fox News. And he concludes:

“I don’t really trust President Erdogan in what he is doing,” “I think it was an overly aggressive maneuver and at NORAD [North American Aerospace Defense] command region we would not use this kind of rules of engagement. That had to be pre-planned.” /Source: Fox News Insider, McInerney: “Turkey Shooting Down Russian Plane Was a ‘Very Bad Mistake

former usaf gen


C. How the commander pilot was killed

The aircraft did not explode at the moment it was hit, but later as it was going down. This is shown in shown in a video posted by The Indicter in Twitter 24 November, including information from The

If you turn up the volume of the video you will be able to hear automatic-weapons fire in the background (see also down below).

su24 crashing

Both pilots were almost certain alive when they ejected. There is no presumption otherwise, because

1) they shared the same cabin at the moment of ejection;

2) the pilots themselves ejected – both can be assumed alive at the moment of ejection. The navigator survived because he was rescued by a friendly commando team. The commander pilot was “found” by Turkish-backed insurgent forces combating both the Syrian government and the Russian Federation which provides aerial support.

In a video uploaded by RT in YouTube, it is seen that the Russian pilot’s body is inert. However, certainly because of respect for the pilot’s family and friends, RT shadowed in the footage the face of the pilot. I made a screenshot of the original uploaded video in which the penetrating injury to the head of the pilot can be seen. I have also partly masked out the face, but a bullet-type wound can be seen in the head.

The point is, the pilot here is surrounded by Turkmen, which do not operate in Turkey; they are in Syria combating the government forces. This fact further brings support to the report that the Russian aircraft was downed in Syrian territory.

injured rus pilot1

In the next image a separate bleeding is notice in the abdomen:

injured rus pilot2

The screenshots above were taken from a video which was fronted with the following image:

free syrian army in video presentation


D. A war crime

shooting at paras is a war crime - n

In a new released video by Reuters, a commander of an Ankara-backed Turkmen unit in Norther Syria – combating against the regular Syrian Army – acknowledged that they shot at the pilots while descending in parachute. He believed that they had killed both of them, and that soon the bodies were to be brought at the site where the interview was conducted. See the all video here below, click on the image:

Turmen 'opened fire into the air'

A previous uploaded video – now deleted by YouTube – may have been documenting the shooting of the parachuting Syrian pilot, who appears to have been shot at by insurgent forces (unclear if “moderate terrorists” or IS). It shows a likely similar scenario to the the Russian pilot killing of the 24 November 2015.

Here below is the referred footage; click on The Indicter tweeter (best viewed in Quicktime). Regardless the nationality of the downed aircraft, to shot at a parachuting pilot who poses no threat is always a war crime:

no matter if

According to the Protocol I in the Geneva Conventions of 1949, “Attacking people parachuting from an aircraft in distress is a war crime”. A war crime is defined as an act that constitutes a serious violation of the law of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.

shooting at parachuting pilots


* (Excepts from the analysis Turkey’s downing of the Russian SU-24)